Reflection on pythagoras philosophy

For a sceptical evaluation of Pythagorean secrecy see Zhmud a, — Evaluation The history of the projection of Pythagoreanism into subsequent thought indicates how fertile some of its core concepts were.

Even those who want to assign Pythagoras a larger role in early Greek mathematics recognize that most of what Proclus says here cannot go back to Eudemus Zhmud a, — On the other hand, some aspects of the Pythagorean life involved a moral discipline that was greatly admired, even by outsiders.

At some point he was also a student of Pherecydes of Syros and of Anaximander who himself had been a student of Thales. Following the political instability in the region, some Pythagorean philosophers fled to mainland Greece while others regrouped in Rhegium.

Gnomon for Pythagorean theorem. The truth may not have been in general form but rather focused on the simplest such triangle with sides 3, 4 and 5pointing out that such a triangle and all others like it will have a right angle. In simplest of terms, the nut worshiped beans.

The ancient tradition presents different images of Pythagoras c. Some of the restrictions appear to be largely arbitrary taboos, e.


They combined this with the teachings of Plato's philosophic successors. Proclus quotes a passage in which Speusippus assigns to the ancients, who in this context are the Pythagoreans, the One and the Indefinite Dyad.


The Pythagorean schools and societies died out from the 4th century BC. It is notable that the properties of the circle seem not to have interested the early Pythagoreans.

Among others Pythagoras was in charge of education in the city. About bce a coup by a rival party caused Pythagoras to take refuge in Metapontumwhere he died.

Pythagoras died shortly after an arson attack on the Pythagorean meeting place in Croton. Pythagoras loved and believed in numbers so much that he reverenced certain numbers and numerical patterns. Pythagorean philosophers advanced the unshakable belief that the essence of all thing are numbers and that the universe was sustained by harmony.

Pythagorean meeting places in other cities were also attacked and philosophic leaders killed. Once they say that he was passing by when a puppy was being whipped, And he took pity and said: Most of the information about Pythagoras was written down centuries after he lived, so very little reliable information is known about him.

Roman copy of a Greek bust Introduction Pythagoras of Samos c. Work Back to Top Because of the secretive nature of his school and the custom of its students to attribute everything to Pythagoras himself, it is difficult today to determine who actually did which work.

However, Plato adhered to the dominant Greek philosophy, and the Platonic philosophy suppressed the combination of experimental method and mathematics which was an inherent part of Pythagoreanism.

However, Pythagoreans could also leave the community if they wished. The crucial point to note is that Eudemus does not assign these discoveries to Pythagoras himself.

At the centre, they say, is fire, and the earth is one of the stars, creating night and day by its circular motion about the center.

As to its position, there is some difference of opinion. The home of a Pythagorean was known as the site of mysteries. Pythagoreans used different types of music to arouse or calm their souls.

It is highly probable that Pythagoras and Pythagoreans composed or commented on Orphic literature, where theogonies and cosmogonies were interpreted and further developed.


Theano of Crotonthe wife of Pythagoras, is considered a major figure in early-Pythagoreanism. There is no direct evidence for these restrictions in the pre-Aristotelian evidence, but both Aristotle and Aristoxenus discuss them extensively.


Philosophy. Early Pythagoreanism was based on research and the accumulation of knowledge from the books written by other philosophers. Pythagoras' philosophic teachings made direct reference to the philosophy of Anaximander, Anaximenes of Miletus and Pherecydes of Syros.

Philosophical and Scientific Reflections on the Pythagorean Tetraktys Giuseppe Chindemi, adapted by Mary Jones, S.R.C.

Figure 1: The Pythagorean Tetraktys and the Hebrew Tetragrammaton. A branch of philosophy, the systematic reflection on morality Sixth-century philosopher that postulated to have a good life, Greek physician credited with creating Hippocratic oath.

what is geophilosophy It is known that the term “philosophy” etymologically comes from the Greek words “Phileo” (love) and Sophia (wisdom).

It represents then the love of wisdom. Custom Philosophy of Pythagoras Essay Ancient Greek philosophy is considered to be a cradle of the whole Western philosophical thought in its own right.

Custom Philosophy of Pythagoras Essay

The cult of philosophy as a discipline, which involved generations of thinkers and passing knowledge from a teacher to a disciple resulted in outstanding heritage. Nov 25,  · Pythagoras continued to be regarded as a great philosopher throughout the Middle Ages and his philosophy had a major impact on scientists such as Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, and Isaac.

Reflection on pythagoras philosophy
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Pythagoras (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)